In a recent interview with the Vanguard, the Co-ordinator of the Lagos State Domestic and Sexual Violence Response Team, DSVRT, Titilola Vivour Adeniyi, disclosed what she found after studying 141 rapists and why they rape others.
According to her, alcohol plus hard drugs and pornography are what really make people rape others.
She was reacting to the death of Uwaila Omozuwa (in Benin-City, Edo State) and Barakat Bello (in Ibadan, Oyo State) in the hands of rapists.
Read what transpired in the interview below;
Two deaths from rape in one week! Why is rape becoming so rampant in Nigeria?
What we are witnessing now is a combination of an increase in formal reporting and an increase in the perpetration of rape. People are leveraging on social media to share their stories, report cases to relevant agencies of government and non-governmental organizations. These are stories that perhaps, before now, would have been swept under the carpet. We are also gradually breaking the silence, breaking down barriers traditionally associated with reporting sexual and gender-based violence.
Can we look at the penalty for rape?
I mean the position of the law. Is it strong enough to deter potential rapists? In Lagos State, we have the Criminal Law 2015 that regulates criminal conduct. Chapter 25 provides for sexual offenses and lists some of the offenses including rape, sexual assault by penetration, sexual assault, attempted sexual assault, sexual harassment, and, of course, Section 137 – defilement. It is important to note that the punishment for defilement, rape, sexual assault by penetration is life imprisonment. That shows the seriousness with which the state government takes the issues. Recently, life imprisonment, 60 years, 25 years, etc judgments were secured. We need to do more in pushing the information out there on convictions and we would be counting on your support in this regard so that people know that the wheel of justice is turning; if you commit rape, the full arm of the law would be brought to bear on you.
Like how many rape cases have been reported in the state/country for instance in the last two years?
In 2019 alone, Lagos State government secured over 90 convictions and we have many on-going cases at the Magistrate and High Courts. And with the establishment of the Domestic and Sexual Offenses Court, coupled with the various interventions of the Ministry of Justice, we are hopeful for more convictions.
Why do people rape?
In 2015, we were curious to know why people engage in rape and so we partnered the Nigerian Prison Service (as they were referred to then). The main objective of the study was to provide plausible means of unraveling the tactics used by sex offenders through profiling of 141 convicts. Our findings revealed that 89% of inmates were always under the influence of alcohol while 10.9% were under the influence of hard drugs. Interestingly, 80.9% of the inmates revealed that they were abused as children implying that they had become sexually active at an early age. This illustrates the ‘abused abuser’ trend. Majority of the convicts sampled claimed that they were, however, not fully aware of the consequences of their actions, which implies there is massive advocacy or reorientation that needs to happen in our society to make people understand that rape is not normal or a small issue that can be overlooked, but put on the same pedestal as armed robbery, murder or kidnapping which are all heinous crimes. 38% of the inmates sampled revealed that exposure to online pornography was an influence. Nude magazines, sex-themed movies, and adult scenes were dominant mentions amongst the inmates who were active with pornography. Most of the inmates confirmed they were exposed to pornography below the age of 18. It is important to note that none of the inmates sampled said they were aroused by what their victims wore. This further debunks the myth that the mode of dressing is a reason why people rape.
What can be done to reduce incidents of rape?
We need to continue to deconstruct and dismantle socio-cultural norms, patriarchal systems, or beliefs that have, for decades, continued to endorse or ignore SGBV and gender inequality. We also need to continue to strategically engage men and empower them as duty bearers in this fight. People need to see this for what it is, not a women’s issue, but rather a public health issue, an issue of national concern that has adverse effects on productivity, relationships, and even the economy. We also need to continue to engage all relevant institutions, religious institutions, community gatekeepers, custodians of culture, educational institutions, at all levels, etc to ensure they use their platforms to continually educate and sensitize the public. Similarly, we need to ensure that relevant legislations, were not available in the country, are enacted to criminalize these crimes. Legislation should also ensure that cases are attended to expeditiously to ensure convictions are secured in record time and that victims are protected. These initiatives will create deterrence and end the culture of impunity. Recent studies have shown that sex convicts are not likely to repeat their crimes if they receive psychosocial support tailored towards a relapse prevention strategy through recognition and avoidance of criminal impulses. We are not oblivious of the fact that some sex offenders would eventually return to the community. We, therefore, need to create systems in place to reduce recidivism. DSVRT has entered into a partnership with the Nigerian . Correctional Service and the Institute of Counselling of Nigeria and we have commenced the provision of psychosocial support for sex convicts, to aid rehabilitation.
City Guide: The names and meanings of these 10 cities in Ghana
Ghana currently has 16 regions but prior to the addition of new regions, 10 regions each with capital cities which serve as the sub-administration hub of governance.
The former ten regional boundaries were officially established in 1987 after the Upper West was inaugurated.
Just like the country, Ghana, all the regional capitals were named by local people or colonials powers. Some of these names have very interesting etymologies, history and sources.
In this article, we highlight the names and meanings of these 10 cities in Ghana.
The name Takoradi is a combination of the Portuguese word Taccarada and a local word Ntakor.
Prior to the advent of Europeans, local inhabitants mostly the Ahantas referred to the area as “Amanful-kro” meaning Amanful’s town or simply Amanful, even today this name has been maintained for some part of the city.
The Portuguese in 1485 built a slave post where the harbour view is currently located and named it ‘Taccarada’. Meanwhile the local people were already referring to the place as Ntakorase, meaning “under the Ntakor tree”.
However, the whiteman could not pronounce Ntakorase very well and the Ahantas could also not pronounce Taccarada very well too.
As time went on the pronunciation of the two words merged to form Tacorrasi which then became Takoradze, (local pronunciation). Before 1800, the British and the Fantes finally adopted the name TAKORADI which remains the official name till date.
The city of Sunyani rose as an outpost camp for elephant hunters during the 19th century. “Sunyani” is an anglicized lexeme from the Akan word ‘Asondwaee’, ‘Ason’ meaning elephant and ‘dwaee’ verb – to skin or to butcher an animal. Sunyani was voted the cleanest city and settlement in Ghana for the year 2007 and is celebrated for its well-maintained suburbs.
According to local sources and anthropologists, the city which is now known as Tamale is a relatively new town. At the turn of the last century, it was just a cluster of villages known mainly for the numerous shea butter trees; the ‘tama’ from which it got the name Tamale.
The tree is known as táá?à, pl. táánsì, and the fruit, as táánì, pl. támá in Dagbani, the language of the local population. ‘Tama-Yili’ means “Home of Shea Butter” in Dagbani.
In his book, “The Role of Art in the Celebration of Asogli Yam Festival and its Significance to the Socio-Economic Development of Ghana”, R. Gbadegbe states that, “In Ewe, the word ‘Ho’ means to move with bag and baggage. So when calling the people who are now known as Ho people the ‘Hoawo’, one is unknowingly referring to them as people who moved with everything they had from the great wall of Notsie.
The city of Ho is the capital of the Volta Region and lies between Mount Adaklu and Mount Galenukui or Togo Atakora Range, and is home to the Volta Regional Museum, an airport, a cathedral, and a prison.
The University of Health and Allied Sciences is also located here.
Kumase or Kumasi’s etymology is derived the Twi language, meaning “Under the Kum tree.” The word “ase” or “asi” means “under, down, or below” and is used in many place names in Ghana, such as Obuasi, Daboase, and Kenyase.
Oral tradition cites a powerful 17th-century priest, Anokye Komfuo as the originator of the name.
According to folklore, he planted three “KUM” trees at different locations in the Ashanti empire. One at Kwaaman ruled by the Nananomayokofuo, a second one at Apemso-Bankofo ruled by Nananomaduanafuo and a third a village near Fomena and Amoafo called Oboani ruled by Nananomekuonafuo.
The Kum tree at Kwaaman flourished and became a very big tree under which the King and his people often sat and so Kwaaman became Kum-ase meaning under Kum. The other trees at Oboani produced a couple of other trees which were all small in size hence its new name, Kuma. At Apemso-Bankofo, it did not flourish causing the people to refer to the place as Kumawu.
The town Wa is the regional capital of the Upper West Region.
The town boasts several churches and mosques, the Wa-Na Palace, the St. Andrew’s Catholic cathedral, the University for Development Studies (UDS), a museum and a nearby hippopotamus sanctuary.
“The name of the town means ‘come’ in the Waali language.” AKA, p.47, fn.29 “The name Wa by its etymology means ‘we came to watch a dance’- [te wa kaa yeng seore], according to Ninfaazu, an M. Phil student of the Institute of African Studies”.
Wa also holds the mortal remains of Babatu, a notorious raider well known for his raids in Upper West region during the late and early 19th century.
The capital city of the Upper East region, Bolgatanga or locally referred to Bolga is located in the Northern regions of Ghana.
The name Bolgatanga is derived from a large flat rock that is said to lie in the middle of the town’s market. According to scholars, the rock has close proximity to site where the first settlers dug clay for building and polishing their houses.
Clay in the Frafra language is “bolga” and rock is “tanga” – hence the name Bolgatanga referring to the clay area near the rock.
Bolga lies in the Red Volta River Valley, a major migration route for elephants, with the White Volta River and the cliffs of the Gambaga Escarpment to the south of the town forming the southern boundary of the Upper East region. It is adjacent to the border with Burkina Faso.
The etymology of Koforidua, the capital of the Eastern Region of Ghana has two sources. A first source claim that the city of Koforidua owes its name to a man, Kofi Ofori, who had built his hut under a huge mahogany tree.
According to oral tradition, the tree provided shelter for weary farmers who were returning from their farms after a hard day’s work. Over time it became common for the farmers to say that they were going to rest under Kofi Ofori’s tree.
Kwame Ampene the author of the second source mentions a certain “Ofori” who was a prince of the chief of Kukurantumi and founded a village at a vantage point on his father’s estate.
The Tradition continues that the headman of the village was affectionately called Kwa-Ofori, meaning ‘Servant of Ofori’.
Kwa-Ofori established a market under a huge tree where prospective buyers and sellers came to transact business. This is the origin and meaning of the name Kwa-Ofori-Dua-Ase, now corrupted into Koforidua.
The historical city of Cape Coast is originally known as Ogua. Others locals refer to the area as Kotokuraba which means “River of Crabs” or “Village of Crabs”.
The name Cape Coast was given to the city by Portuguese traders who built the first trade lodge in 1555 and called the local settlement ‘Cabo Corso’, meaning ‘short cape’, English traders changed it to Cape Coast.
It is home to 32 festivals, the Cape Coast Castle, Asafo Shrine, Fort William, Fort Victoria, the Kakum National Park and a number of educational establishments.
Accra’ is a corrupted European version of the Fanti word “Nkran” which means ants referring to the people and the soldier ants. The Ga-Adangme people refer to the city as Gã or Gaga. There are several sources for the etymology of the name.
In C.C.Reindorf’s History of the Gold Coast and Asante he highlights that “The seven towns forming the Akra proper are:1 Ga, English or James Town (British Akra); 2. Kinka (Kanka) or Ussher Town (Dutch Akra); 3. Osu or Christiansborg (Danish Akra); 4. La or Labade; 5. Teshi ; 6. Ningowa or Little Ningo; 7. Tema”
Accra is the capital of Ghana and home to approximately 2.2 million Ghanaians and foreign residents who live, work and visit in its 12 local government districts.
10 Reasons Why Women Moan (Or Scream) During Sex
Does sex feel different based on the amount of noise you make? Here’re the true reasons behind why women moan during sex.
I’ve narrowed it down to these 10 reasons. While I know I’m probably missing a reason or two, this list is based on personal experience and interviews with other moaning women. I did not interview my neighbor; that would be awkward. Take a look at this list and see if one of these numbers is yours.
1. Automatic Response to Pleasure
One of the most common reasons women moan during sex is simply because it’s an automatic response to pleasure. Just like sighing when you sink into a hot tub, the pleasure you get from sex can cause an audible and involuntary response.
2. Automatic Response to Pain
Of course, women also moan in pain. If your man is going a little too rough, or he’s hitting that place inside you that feels uncomfortable, or even if you’ve suddenly developed a leg cramp, you’re just as likely to moan in response to pain during sex just as you are in response to pleasure during sex.
3. To Increase Your Libido
It’s hard to move past the day and get over the stress of real life. Even during sex, some of those emotions can seep into your brain, or you could just be so overwhelmed with things to do that you’re busy concentrating on the grocery list and not the sex. Moaning is a way of getting your head back in the game so to speak. By moaning, you take your mind off your chores and put it back into the sex where it belongs—which is exactly where it should be.
4. To Make Him Feel Good
Have you ever had sex with someone who was completely silent? It’s… well, it’s a letdown to be honest. I had a lover who never moaned in pleasure, never even made a noise during sex, and I couldn’t help but feel like I was doing something wrong or that he wasn’t enjoying it (even though he was). It’s weird when they’re silent.
Moaning is a way of reassuring your lover that he or she is pleasing you. You use all of your senses to have sex, and your audial senses should not be ignored! It’s important to make noises of pleasure so your partner isn’t put off thinking the wring thing by silence. Believe me, men love those little moans (and some even prefer the loud ones!).
5. To Change His Sexual Tone
If you think of moaning as a way of expressing yourself without words, then it’s easy to see how moaning can change your man’s sexual rhythm. If you’re moaning in pleasure and then he starts doing something you don’t enjoy, you change your moan to more of an uncomfortable sound…and he changes his sex style back to something you like. It’s a way of guiding him without actually “telling” him what to do. He uses this method on you as well; it really works both ways.
6. To Hurry Things up
Some men are so aroused by your sex sounds that the more you give them, the faster they orgasm. I’ll admit: I’ve “faked” an orgasm once or twice by making some pleasurable noises for a man. It happens.
Sometimes the sex has just lasted so long you’re exhausted and want him to be finished already. Sometimes you’re just not getting off and want him to hurry up so you can get on with whatever it is you were doing. As much as we’d like to think sex is always perfect…it’s not. Moaning can increase his orgasm time when you need it.
7. To Slow Things Down
Of course, if you know how to do it right, you can also change the rhythm of your body and the sound of your moan so that your lover slows down before he orgasms too quickly! If you’ve ever had a lover who makes things a bit too quick, moaning can be a good way of shifting his rhythm to give you more time in bed.
8. To Make it Hotter
Sex is hot. Sex is wet. Sex is messy. Noisy, loud, raunchy sex is even hotter!
9. To Turn Him on Even More
If your guy is having a hard time getting aroused, moaning softly in pleasure as he kisses you can give him just the nudge his libido needs to get into the moment and more in the mood. A soft moan of pleasure works wonders before you’ve even taken off your clothes. Better yet, see how crazy he goes when you moan while having him in your mouth (just one of the ways to make your blowjobs fantastic).
10. Because Silence is a Mood Killer
Finally, women moan during sex because silence is a mood killer. No, really it is. Plus, it takes a lot more work to keep quiet than it does to just release your inhibitions and enjoy yourself audibly.
Don’t be silent; express your pleasure. After all, don’t you like it when he moans for you?
Benefits of sex that you did not know
Sex coach, Dzifa Sweetness, has educated that sexual intercourse is not only beneficial for reproduction or pleasure but has a lot of side benefits that we do not realize.
In an interview on eTV Ghana’s adult show, In Bed with Adwen, with Ghana’s greatest love Doctor, Adwen, she noted that sex is precious to women and that is why respectable women only allow sex with people they love, and some tend to say that they have been used when the man leaves after having sex.
She went on to share some other benefits of sexual intercourse saying, “Sex can solve problems in the home. There are women who no matter what emotional trauma or problems they are going through, once you give them sex, they are able to relax their brains”.
Dzifa furthered that putting that aside, having sex is also very important for one’s health.
“Health-wise, sex is very good. It makes you look very fit and young. Me for instance, I have sex every day and that is why I still look very young but if you know my age, you’ll know I’m older than my looks”, she said.
According to the sex coach, women value sex very much and are particular about how they give themselves to, hence, men should make it a point to treat the private part as pricelessly as women deem it.
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